Do you know that you can find various Jasmine flower types in this world? Well, this article will cover all ten of them. Here, you will also get some more essential information about this amazing gift of nature.
Jasmine is one of the fragrant plants that came on top of everybody’s list. It is one of the Jasminum genus plants. This flower is part of the Oleaceae family, which also shares the position in the subgroup with olives, common lilac, and fringe tree.
The genius of vines and shrubs has 200 different types of Jasmines. Mostly, this kind of plant is native to the warm and tropical climates of Australasia, Eurasia, and Oceania.
The Importance of Jasmine Plants
Jasmine is a popular specious in the garden. That is because of its natural fragrance and healing ability. They harvest it for perfumery and medicinal uses.
In the country of India, people consider Jasmine as a sacred plant. It becomes part of the culture because its lovers value it as a symbol of good luck, optimism, and divine hope. In many countries, such as Pakistan, the Philippines, and Indonesia, Jasmine becomes the national flower.
That is because it has often to represent love, respect, and attachment to the state. As said before, people use the flower to make perfume and essential oil products. Besides, people also consume Jasmine in a form of tea.
In addition, they also dry the roots of the Jasmine flowers to process it as certain sedative medicines.
The False Jasmine
There are some plants called “Jasmine” shrubs that do not really belong to jasmine flower types. Although they share the same characteristic, rich scent, and white color, both of them are different. The growth and maintenance needs are completely distinctive.
It does not mean it is the one when it only shares the same name. That is why people often called it ‘false Jasmine’.
The Jasmine Flower Types: The Genuine
Well, let us get into the point of this article, exploring the types of Jasmine flower, the genuine one.
1. Jasminum officinale (Summer Jasmine)
People also know these jasmine flower types well as Summer Jasmine. It is the state flower of Pakistan because of its intense scent. As you can see, there is a pristine five-petaled white flower. The leaves are pointy and slightly fuzzy.
You can witness the Jasmines are heavily blooming during the summer season. However, you can also have them bloom at other times with the set-up environments like in greenhouses.
Commercially, these jasmine flower types are the main ingredient to produce aromatherapy products like essential oils. People consider it as the evergreen plant since it can grow fast and reach up the 15 feet high in a fully mature age.
2. Jasminum nudiflorum (Winter Jasmine)
Similar to the previous Jasmine flower types, this one has a name according to the season. Even though people call it ‘Winter’, you can also grow them during the spring season. It has some shrubs that grow up to 4 feet wide and7 feet high.
You notice the major difference of these jasmine flower types is the color of the flowers. As seen, it is not white. These species have bright yellow blossoms, which are the unique feature that only Winter Jasmine can have.
The contrast of green leaves and yellow flowers are so fantastic. It will surely spread passion throughout the garden. The only downside of Jasminum nudiflorum is the fragrance. It is not as strong as the white jasmine flower types.
It is ideal to grow this type of plant on arbors or trellis. This species would also look good in wall-side borders. Winter Jasmine can handle full and partial sun exposure.
3. Jasminum grandiflorum (Royal Jasmine)
In the late spring to summer and early fall, it is the best time to grow these jasmine flower types. People also call it as Spanish or Catalonian Jasmine. Judging by the look, it is quite different from Summer Jasmine.
This flower is native to South Asia, East and Northeast Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and some regions of China.
Besides its use for perfume or essential oil, this species is one of the ingredients in the food industry. It has a unique and sweet scent. The local people in India use Jasminum grandiflorum as herbal medicine.
You can see it has pure white flowers with the evergreen vine as long as it is in a frost-free area. These jasmine flower types are wildly cultivated. However, the flower reportedly naturalized in The Maldives Islands, Java, Guinea, Central America, and The Caribbean.
4. Jasminum sambac (Arabian Jasmine)
It is a great summer flower to grow. Jasminum sambac is also called as Arabian Jasmine because it is native to the Arab Peninsula. It is an ideal plant for a warm area. This species features 4-6 feet width and height shrubs.
Some of these jasmine flower types are even able to reach 10 feet high. However, it will not be a problem as long as you can train the shrub to grow vertically. There will be a lush evergreen vine as a result. The multi-layered flowers look so exquisite against the leaves.
The dark green glossy leaves really make the flower more standout. When the flower reaches its maturity point, it turns faded pink. Put it inside glass containers to improve the impression by a lot.
These jasmine flower types are the national flower of Indonesia and the Philippines. It is a common ingredient to make jasmine tea, which is extremely popular in Hawaii.
5. Jasminum fruticans (Wild Jasmine)
Similar to Winter Jasmine, Jasminum fruticans also has yellow blossoms. This species produces bunches of rich-colored flowers during summer and spring season. The shrub is low growing which makes it ideal for ground cover.
You can also choose to have it for hedges and cascading over short walls and fences. The only drawback of the species is the slow growth, although it is resistant to harsh weather conditions and pests.
This strong flower is originally from Southern Europe. Wild Jasmine would be at its best when growing in Mediterranean climates.
Well, it seems like the slow growth is not the only downside. This Jasmine flower does not have a scent, but it looks beautiful, right? The green leaves create a thriving contrast against the rich yellow blossoms.
6. Jasminum parkeri (Dwarf Jasmine)
During the summer, this species can also be a nice option to grow. This Jasmine flower type gives you the vivid sunlight yellow blossoms. Five petals feature a small shrub. It can reach up to a foot high.
It can only able to sprawls a few feet across. The best part of Jasminum parker is the dazzling yellow color of the flower that grows in clumps. The fragrance is very light and people normally harvest it for topiary use or bouquets add-ons.
This kind of plant would be perfect for ornamental use because you can shape it in various ways. Originally, this species was collected from India in the year of 1920.
7. Jasminum polyanthum (Pink Jasmine)
This is the type of Jasmine, which is native to China. It is also known as Pink Jasmines. In the country where this species comes from, the flowers are celebrated for their spectacular show. The vine produces bunches of long-tube pinkish-white jasmine flower types with an intense and rich scent.
It is a common jasmine plant for a home to decorate the space. The existence of this flower in a room can add an exotic charm to the room. This sophisticated beauty can reach up to about 20 feet high.
In growing them, you should make sure it is planted in drained soils and below a well-sheltered area.
Moreover, the area should be frost-free. In warmer climates, this pink jasmine flower types can show its blossoms all around the year. It will only need little maintenance.
However, you have to do the pruning frequently during the flowering season. It would help to think about overcrowded growth.
8. Jasminum byssinicum (Forest Jasmine)
This species of Jasmine is a member of the family Oleaceae. It is strong to a slim woody climber. They named it as Forest Jasmine because it grows in high-altitude montane forests that are climbing into the woods.
The white flowers have a pink accent on the outside. The petals produce a sweet scent. This species is native to countries in Africa, such as South Africa and Ethiopia. In Kenya, a Nilothic ethnic group of people uses this Jasmine to heal the wounds.
They also use it for the parasitic nematode in sheep as a traditional treatment. That is because it contains some kind of anti-inflammatory and analgesic content.
9. Jasminum azoricum (Lemon-Scented Jasmine)
It is one of the flower species in the family of olive. People called it as lemon-scented jasmine because of its sweet fragrance. It is quite rare to find it lately because the flower is considered critically endangered.
According to reports, there are only about 6 to 50 remaining populations of this Jasmine in its native, the region of Madeira in Portugal.
Lemon-Scented Jasmine features fragrant white star-shaped flowers. You will witness its beauty during the summer season. Before that, you will see the deep pink buds. Jasminum azoricum does not tolerate cold to freezing weather.
If you consider planting it, you should take good care of this flower. It would be an outstanding accent in the garden. This kind of Jasmine will call for birds, butterflies, and bees. Surely, it would make the outdoor space feels like paradise.
The Jasmine Flower Types: The False
Besides the above species, some other jasmine flower types are called the false ones. They share the same characteristic but both of them are not in any kind of relation whatsoever.
The false jasmine flower types are not related to the Jasminus genus. Even though the appearance is quite similar, the growth pattern and maintenance are completely different. However, these flowers are as stunning as the genuine ones.
Though people call it the ‘False’, does not mean it is going to be a failure in your garden. It is surely going to make a beautiful addition to the outdoor space.
10. Trachelospermum asiaticum (Star Jasmine)
This false Jasmine can grow all around the year. It is commonly known as a Star jasmine. Many gardeners are sure that Trachelospermum asiaticum is not related to the genus of true jasmine flower types while some others believe that it is the genuine one.
Not so long ago, some researchers discovered that Star Jasmine is actually related to the oleander family. This species originated from Japan and China. If you are a beginner or novice in gardening, it is the perfect plant to have.
Trachelospermum asiaticum only needs very low maintenance. The flowers bloom over-abundantly with a medium-sized shrub that comes with leathery, dark green foliage and thin, wiry stems.
In the late spring season, you will see many star-shaped white flowers that come in clusters. The rich bloom and sweet scent spread all over the shrub. When the flowers reach maturity, the flowers would become cream in color. Be sure the soils are fertile and well-drained.
11. Cestrum nocturnum (Night-Blooming Jasmine)
This false Jasmine is a part of the nightshade jasmine flower types. It is native to West Indies and tropical America. There is a simple but long and oval-shaped leaf. From spring to fall, you can see the small, faded-white to greenish flowers that bloom beautifully.
Plant it in well-drained soils with direct sunlight because Night-Blooming Jasmine will grow best. The distinct fragrance that comes from the flower will grow strong during the night. For some people with some kind of allergies, they will have a hard time being around.
This species of plant will only need little attention in a warm climate. If you live in colder regions, then you must pay it many attentions it needs.
This flower is the potato family relative but no one can consume it. The smell itself can cause allergies. It is considered poisonous.
However, the stunning tubular white flowers have a star shape and pointy edges. It is going to become a beautiful addition in the garden. You can create a lovely scene inside any space, outdoor and indoor.
12. Gardenia jasminoides (Cape Jasmine)
In the late spring to fall, it is an ideal time to grow Cape Jasmine. The most attractive thing from this flower is the ethereal fragrance. Because of that, people called it Heaven Scent. The major characteristic of Gardenia jasminoides is the hardiness and colorful seed pods.
Even though it does not belong to the genus of the true Jasmine flower types, it has similar white-colored flowers and dark green foliage.
The leaves are much thicker than the genuine jasmine flower types and the petals have a more gardenia-like shape.
If you live in warmer climates, Cape jasmine would be a recommended flower to grow in your garden. The drawback is high maintenance. You have to take a lot of attention to the plant and give it a lot of water.
Commonly, Gardenia jasminoides grow in garden beds, borders, screens, and hedges. This type of flower is also perfect for a display in containers of short glass. Cape jasmine is simply the beauty of nature.
The most fun part of growing this species is the process. The flowers color will gradually change. From the bright red seedpods, it will transform into orange and then yellow. Then, you will see the pristine white flower.
13. Nyctanthes arbortristis (Night-Flowering Jasmine)
It is a bit different from Cestrum nocturnum. Nigh-flowering jasmine is a species of Nycthanthes that native to Southeast Asia and South Asia. The shrub would grow about 33 feet tall, which features fragrant flowers with white corolla and an orange-red center.
During the daytime, this false jasmine loses brightness. Sometimes, people called it the ‘tree of sorrow’. The Name arborists also mean ‘sad tree’. The flower itself contains some substance to be used to yellow dye the clothing.
In India, the leaves of Night-flowering Jasmine have been used in Ayurvedic medicine for arthritis and fevers. This flower also has significance in Hinduism. You can find it in several religious stories of the religion.
14. Cestrum diurnum (Day-Blooming Jasmine)
This is the exact opposite of the Cestrum nocturnum which people are known as the nigh-blooming jasmine. This one is the day-blooming one.
It is a quick-growing and evergreen woody shrub. If you want a plant that is easy to grow and require almost no maintenance, this is the one. It is also recommended for beginners in the world of gardening.
This jasmine flower type is also known as the king of the day. A cluster of tubular white flowers would bloom abundantly and produce a strong scent. This species is the jasmine flower types India.
Besides, you will also find the dark purple berries, which people use often as part of the ink-making process. The medical value that this false jasmine has is coming from the leaves. According to research, they are the sources of vitamin D3.
You can find this species of Cestrum often on screens and borders in the garden. A gardener can easily grow it right from the seed that produces in abundance.
Overall, those Jasmine flower types have their own characteristic. They are mostly producing white-colored flowers. If you are not interested in the color, some other species of the genuine and false Jasmine comes in yellow, orange, even pink.
If you are a beginner, it is best to have the species that are easy to grow and maintain. Fortunately, most of them are perfect for any type of garden. How strong the fragrance is could also be one of the considerations in choosing the Jasmine flower types for your space.